Rice is life!Rice as world food
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International  Year of Rice 2004
Rice plant life
The story of rice grain
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Illustrazione - Rice as world food

Rice, right like wheat and sweetcorn, is a cereal and, like all cereals, is mostly made up with starch. Besides starch, a nourishing and easily digestible substance, rice contains proteins, vitamins, minerals and fibres. All over the world, there are more than 140.000 different varieties or, to be more exact, rice ecotypes; each having different cooking times and tastes.
From primitive wild species, two Oryza species, rice scientific term, were differentiated and farmed : Oryza sativa, from Asia, the most familiar to us and Oryza glaberrima, from Africa, whose farming is constantly lessening, in favour of asian specie.

From asian specie, three subspecies derived:

    Indica, from India, is the oldest, it has a long, fine and crystalline grain. Basmati or american "long grain" derive from this subspecie.
    Javanica, a large and long grain, farmed in Indonesia, nearly unknown in Italy.
    Japonica, actually from China, fit for temperate zones, largely produced, it has a short, round and pearly grain. All the farmed species, over the centuries, in our country, derive from this subspecie, they are a lot and, among them, we mention: Arborio, Carnaroli, Vialone Nano, Ribe, Roma, Europa, S.Andrea, Originario.